Women’s wages are lower than men’s from the first year out of college. At that point, women working full time earn an average of $35,296 while men earn $42,918. These lower wages are compounded when women (or men of color) apply for new jobs and are asked to share their pay history. Instead of starting the new job on an equal footing, they enter with a lower salary because it was based on their previous employment. Then, after another year of work, their wages are unlikely to grow at the same rate as men’s wages. As women get older, the wage gap continues to grow.
If employers stop asking for salary histories, workers will gain the ability to earn what their work is actually worth. A woman who starts her career at the low end of a salary range will not be held to that standard for the rest of her working life. Instead, employers will make salary offers based on experience, education, and ability, not on previous earnings.
Massachusetts recently passed a law banning employers from asking for a salary history. Other cities and states, including Philadelphia, are looking to do the same. What do you think?
Check out some information on pay equity in PA below:
- Women are paid $0.79 on the dollar compared to men in the state, and women of color face an even larger gap (African American women are paid 60 cents and Latinas are paid 55 cents for every dollar paid to white, non-Hispanic men).
- The gap does not only affect women – just as African American and Latina women earn less than white, non-Latino men, men of color also earn less than their white counterparts.
- The wage gap affects workers (and their families) throughout their lives. Eliminating the wage gap would give a woman enough money to purchase 80 more weeks of food for her family, eight more months of mortgage and utilities payments, more than 12 more months of rent, or 4,322 additional gallons of gas.
- Lower wages lead to less money in Social Security and 401k’s at retirement.